• 28/ 08, 2019

TSeveral electrical appliances are used in homes, and all of these devices are connected through electric wiring. It is crucial for the wiring and switchboard connections to be intact to avoid damage. Wiring systems are made up of multiple wiring materials to ensure a safe and sound living environment. Mostly, wires and cables are used interchangeably, but the cables are a collection of many wires. Although the functionality of both wires and cables are the same, there is a thin line of difference between them both. The proper installation of these wires with quality materials is essential. If you are puzzled about what these materials are, here you have extensive information on the types of the wiring materials and their uses.

Non-metallic sheathed cable

It is a flexible electric cable that is coated with a plastic covering. Generally, the composition of the electric sheath is copper wire, which is called the ground wire and two or more insulated wires. This sheath is a non-conductor and is also heat resistant. The copper ground wire plays a vital role in protecting the circuit. If there is a sudden surge of current, then the ground wires channelize the erratic supply to the earth. Sometimes, the cables are covered with paper to make it more flexible. There are three main types of NM (Non-metallic) cables, the standard one being the NM-B that operates well in dry conditions. It is safe to use it indoors. The other type is a Feeder cable that runs underground and thus can be moisture-resistant. The last type is the entrance cable that usually runs above the ground.

Underground Feeder (UF)

This is a type of non-metallic cable specifically made for wet places and requires direct burial. Such cables have a solid plastic sheath which completely wraps up the wire. Much like non-metallic cables, UFs comprise of hot insulated and the neutral wire. However, such wires are considered to be extremely dangerous when the circuit is on as it generates a high voltage power, often reserved for major circuit wiring. Such types of wires are typically used for lamp posts on roads and residences.

PVC insulated

Polyvinyl Chloride is the most commonly used insulating material nowadays, replacing rubber. It can be easily modified and also processed according to the requirements. Most importantly, PVC insulation is budget-friendly and also has a longer shelf life. Since it is a thermoplastic polymer, PVC works well in both high and low temperatures. PVC is rigid and tough and has resistance towards acids, alkalis and various oils. There are are also thermosetting PVC versions that are linked with advanced technology, but they can be more expensive.

Copper conductors

Did you know that the copper wires are found in almost all the devices? Curious to know why? Copper conductors are often used in electric wiring due to their exceptional conducting abilities. It allows free flow of electrons making it a good conductor of heat and electricity. Copper conductors have been widely used in numerous electrical appliances. They have high conductivity properties because of which they have been in use for a long time. Moreover, copper has high tensile strength and is also resistant to corrosion. Copper conductors are easy to handle and install as they are durable and flexible. Although pure copper is widely used, copper alloys are preferred under conditions that are more prone to corrosion and abrasion. In particular, telephones come with different types of cables consisting of numerous pairs of copper insulated wires.

Wired Broadband

While other wiring materials have been in existence since yore, wire broadband is still considered to be a modern, digital revolution. The idea of constantly staying in touch with everybody from all parts of the world led to the emergence of broadband. Wired broadband refers to a physical connection between your network and your network provider, often using the following three types of wires and cables: DSL (Digital Subscriber Line), Fiber Systems and Coaxial Cables. Such wirings are often plagued with fewer interruptions and are a convenient way of connection.

Safety Gears for Wiring Systems

This should be given top priority while engaging with the electrical wiring system at home. With cases of electrocution being reported every other month, whether it’s electrical wiring, testing, maintenance or installations, it is imperative to consider certain safety options while working on those commonly used wiring materials. Tools and accessories such as insulated gloves, protective glasses, hard hats, voltage detectors and gauged wire strippers must be in every home. Ensure other safety measures, too, while working with your house’s electrical and wiring materials including standing on a rubber mat, wearing dielectric shoes and keeping a wooden stick on guard. Perhaps the biggest safety measure would be to only work on your wiring system with full knowledge. When in doubt, always consult an expert.

Electric wiring has emerged to be an essential aspect of everyday life, as it enables you to enjoy the sophistication that trails along with installing proper electrical connections. These electrical appliances have to be properly installed for a safe living. Although these wiring systems have a longer life span, it can also be subjected to wear and tear. It is your responsibility to get the system repaired to avoid any damage. However, waiting for experts to come might be time-consuming, and the loss might keep burgeoning, making the end process cumbersome. To prevent escalation of the issue, it is better for you to understand the basic terms to get an idea of the problem. Learning about wiring systems will help you troubleshoot issues and provide a first-aid solution. To buy new household wires and other products, check out Finolex!

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